194 dB(Z) is the maximum undistorted sound pressure level that can be transmitted through sea-level atmosphere on Earth.
Anything more than that, the sound wave will be clipped at the bottom, since vacuum-like absolute pressure would be reached (0 Pa).
Much larger levels are however achievable, even on Earth.
Looking further, astronomic sources can be much, much louder than the above-mentioned ones, but you have to keep in mind that (luckily) noise does not propagate through vacuum. Thus sound waves from those space sources will not reach our planet.
Bcus the Sun for example produces an enormous 290 dB(Z), while the supermassive black hole in the Perseus cluster releases an almost inconceivable amount of sound energy, propagated through the gaseous masses which surround the black hole.
When 194 dB(Z) is reached to transmit the exceeding energy, an actual pressure wave kicks in. Air particles are not only oscillating around an equilibrium point (like in normal noise conditions), but are violently pushed away from the source.
These moving air particles will transfer their energy to the first object they collide against.
And this, at the end, is how windows and buildings break during massive noise events.
It is also worth noting that noise levels for the Saturn V were actually measured, while the noise of the nuclear Tzar Bomba was calculated starting from the released energy. While that amount is sheer, it is plausible that only a fraction of it was converted into noise energy, the most part of it is being released as heat.