In linguistics phrasal verb is a two-word verb, consisting of a verb and a “small” adverb, that has an idiomatic meaning not easily predictable from the individual parts.
Another definition of phrasal verb is a phrase, consisting of a verb and either or both of a preposition or adverb, that has idiomatic meaning.
Below are some 15 examples of phrasal verb:
1. Account for: give good reason for doing something.
Ex: You must account for what you spend.
2. Back out: withdraw, refuse.
Ex: I told him to clean room but he back out later.
3. Back up: support someone or something.
Ex: My friend did not back me up in our debate.
4. Be in: be at home, or in the home.
Ex: Please find out whether the teacher is in.
5. Be out: be away from home.
Ex: I am now be out, I will meet you later.
6. Be away: be away from home.
Ex: I am unavailable because I be away.
7. Be back: return from.
Ex: Wait! I will be back soon.
8. Call at: visit.
Ex: I want call at my friend tomorrow.
9. Call off: cancel something.
Ex: The workers called off the strike.
10. Call out: call someone.
Ex: Pleased sir! You didn’t call out my name.
11. Care about: take interest.
Ex: She doesn’t care about her dress.
12. Carry on: continue.
Ex: I carried on my research for five years.
13. Carry out: perform, obey or fulfill.
Ex: You must carry out my orders.
14. Clean out: clean room/cupboard/drawer.
Ex: You have to clean out the room, before I be back.
15. Hold on: wait.
Ex: We have to hold on till the road is safe.
An idioms can simply be seen as a manner of speaking, a mode of expression peculiar to a language, person, or group of people.
Below are some 15 examples of an idioms:
1. A block head: a dull person.
Ex: I can’t teach her English because she is a block head.
2. High time: it is already late.
Ex: It is high time that you gave up smoking.
3. The flower: the best part of something.
Ex: Amierre is the flower of my life.
4. To end in smoke: to fail.
Ex: All my attempt to employ Abubakar ended in smoke.
5. At the state: in danger.
Ex: He is at the state, because police are looking for him.
6. Out of sorts: unwell.
Ex: Amina is out of sorts now.
7. At home in: familiar with.
Ex: I am at home in mathematics.
8. At sea: in confusion.
Ex: When she failed in her exam, she makes me at sea.
9. Child’s play: an easy thing.
Ex: Mathematics is a child’s play to me.
10. A man of word: a person who fulfill his promise.
Ex: My friend is a man of word, he helps me in my distress.
11. Man of parts: a very talent person.
Ex: Mallam Abubakar is a man of parts.
12. Sum and substance: the summary.
Ex: Can you tell me the sum and substance of the story? “Yess I will”.
13. Better half: wife.
Ex: Al’ameen is already love his better half.
14. Once and for all: finally.
Ex: I decided once and for all not to sit for this exam.
15. A cock and bull story: a false story.
Ex: He tried to convince me by telling me a cock and bull story.