Health

Kadan daga cikin alamun ciwon kanjamau (HIV) guda takwas daya kamata ku kiyaye.

HIV na takaice ne ga kwayar cutar garkuwar jikin dan adam. Yana shafar garkuwar jikin mutanen da abin ya shafa ta hanyar lalata takamaiman nau’in farin jini Ma’ana White Blood Cell wanda ke taimakawa wajen yaƙi da cututtukan jiki wanda zai iya ƙara jefa ku cikin haɗarin kamuwa da cutar da wasu cututtukan daji. Tsarin garkuwar jiki ya zama me rauni yayin da ba zai iya ba da kariya daga kamuwa da cututtuka ba. Mutanen da ke da ƙarancin rigakafi sun fi kamuwa da cututtuka iri -iri da cutar kansa, yawancinsu ba’so so dinga yawan shiga tsakanin mutane ba tare da rigakafi ba.

Gajeriyar cutar kanjamau don kamuwa da cutar rashin ƙarfi shine matakin ƙarshe na kamuwa da cutar kanjamau kuma yana faruwa lokacin da tsarin garkuwar jikin mutum ya lalace sosai sakamakon kamuwa da ƙwayar cutar, ma’ana mutum zai iya samun cutar kanjamau bayan kamuwa da cutar HIV amma ba kowa bane ke da HIV da ke zuwa AIDS.

Ana amfani da matakin rashin ƙarfi ko bayyanar wasu cututtuka a matsayin alamun cewa cutar HIV ta ci gaba zuwa cutar kanjamau.

Tsawon lokacin tsakanin wanda ke da HIV zai iya kamuwa da cutar kanjamau ya bambanta tsakanin mutane daban -daban. Lokacin tsakanin kamuwa da cutar kanjamau da rashin lafiya tare da cutar kanjamau na iya zama shekaru 10-15 mafi yawan lokuta ya fi tsayi, wani lokacin kuma ya fi gajarta, duk da haka maganin rigakafi da magunguna na iya hana ci gaba zuwa cutar kanjamau ta hanyar rage yawan ƙwayoyin cuta a jikin mai cutar kamar yadda HIV ke cikin ruwan jiki kamar jini, maniyyi, nono ko ruwan farji.

ALAMOMIN HIV & AIDS

Yawancin mutanen da ke kamuwa da cutar HIV ba su sanin da cewa dasun kamu da cutar. Koyaya akwai fasalullukan ko kuma alamomin da ake iya gani waɗanda zasu iya faruwa a matakin farko ko azaman seroconversion. Seroconversion yana nufin haɓaka ƙwayoyin rigakafi ga HIV kuma galibi yana faruwa a cikin watanni biyu na farko na kamuwa da cuta, Ga wasu waɗanda suka kamu da sabuwar cutar ta HIV ba za a iya lura da su ba amma akwai haɗarin watsawa da yada cutar ga wasu.

Anan akwai ƙananan alamun farko waɗanda zasu iya haifarwa da wasu.

Alamomin farko na kamuwa da cutar kanjamau na iya zama alamun mura kamar:

  • Zazzaɓi.
  • Mura ko kuma ka dingajin sanyi cikin jikinka kuma ba tare da wani dalili ba.
  • Ciwon tsoka kaji tsokokin jikina suna maka ciwo.
  • Sufin dare (Gumi cikin dare).
  • Ciwon makogwaro ko kuma kaji yana maka qaiqayi.
  • Mutuwar jiki kaji gaba daya jikinka ba kwari koda yaushe kaita sha’awar kwanciya bacci.
  • Kumburi akan makogwaro ko a hammata ko kuma a gabanka.
  • Ulcer a cikin baki. (Kaji kanajin ciwo cikin bakinka).

Wannan alamomin yana yin muni zuwa na yau da kullum idan ba a murƙushe nau’in jikin kwayar cutar ba tare da magani nan da nan saboda haka akwai buƙatar ziyartar asibiti gwajin HIV. Saboda idan an jinkirta magani yana haifar da cutar izuwa kanjamau, wanda ke lalata tsarin garkuwar jiki kuma yana iya sa mutum ya sami ƙarin cututtuka masu tsanani. Waɗannan an san su da cututtukan dama kamar (OIs).

Cutuka fiye da 200 ne ake dauka ta hanyar cin abincin da ya gurbata da wasu kwayoyin cuta, a cewar hukumar lafiya ta duniya wato WHO.

Haka kuma mutum daya cikin kowane goma keda yiyuwar kamuwa da rashin lafiyar sakamakon cin gurbataccen abinci a duk shekara.

Hukumar ta bayyana wasu hanyoyin da abinci ke gurbata da suka hada da a lokacin da ake sarrafa shi ko dakonsa ko kuma a yayin da ake cinsa.

Sannan zai iya zama ta hanyar kasa ko muhallin da ya gurbata ko gurbataccen ruwa ko kuma gurbatacciyar iska.

Yadda aka adana abincima na janyo gurbatarsa idan ba a adana shi yadda ya kamata ba, ko ba a sarrafa shi ta yadda ya dace ba.

WHO ta kara da cewa iri-iren cututtukan da ake dauka a abinci kan janyo larurori da suka kama daga gudawa zuwa kansa.

Sai dai mafiya yawansu sun fi shafar hanjin ciki, ko da yake wasu kan nuna alamomin kamar na kwakwalwa ko cututtukan da suka shafi mata, ko kuma cututtukan da suka shafi garkuwar jikin dan adam.

Hukumar ta bayyana cewa cututtukan da ke janyo gudawa sun kasance babbar matsala a baki daya kasashen duniya.

Amma girman matsalar ta ta’allaka ne da karfin kudin shiga, ko Qasa na da karfin kudin shiga ko matsakaici ko kuma matalautan Qasashe.

WHO ta ce kimanin mutane 420,000 ne ke mutuwa da wannan cuta bayan cin gurbataccen abinci duk shekara a fadin duniya.

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